CyberSolutions: 2017

Saturday, November 4, 2017

Why Can't We Create "CON" Folder In Windows


We all know that we can’t create Con, Folder in windows. not only con but also ” PRN, AUX, CLOCK$, NUL, COM1, COM2, COM3, COM4, COM5, COM6, COM7, COM8, COM9, LPT1, LPT2, LPT3, LPT4, LPT5, LPT6, LPT7, LPT8, LPT9 and more”.
Here i am going to explain why you can not create the con folder in windows.

Reason:

We can not create folder with con,aux, nul because these are reserved keywords used by DOS. so if u r allowed to create such folders, there will be an ambiguity in where to write data when the data is supposed to go to the specified devices. In other words, if i want to print something, internally what windows does is — it will write the data to the folder prn (virtually u can call it a folder, i mean prn, con, etc are virtual folders in device level). So if we are able to create con folder, windows will get confused where to write the data, to virtual con folder or real one.
Keywords and Their corresponding Functions:

Wednesday, October 18, 2017

Fix 'Rats WebGL Hit A Snag' Chrome Error


What is WebGL?

Web Graphics Library also known as the “WebGL” is a Javascript API which Renders interactive 3D computer graphics and Graphics(2D) on any web browser that is Compatible without needing any plug-ins or add-ons.
The Computer’s GPU or also known as Graphics Processing Unit helps the execution of the Javascript which has all the webGL program Codes.
The Group popularly known as the “Khronos Group designs and maintains WebGL, and it is a non-profit group, situated in Beaverton, Oregon (USA).

Usage of WebGL

WebGL acts as a thin sheet of cloth around OpenGL which is a used for drawing 2D graphics (Low-Level Library). It helps in pushing data to the GPU, and execution of the specialized code on the GPU itself.
WebGL is the easy and best way to bring 3D graphics and also 2D everywhere. Once written, it can run Everywhere. WebGL apart from used in 3D wed design and gaming, it also has amazed scientists for research and scientific works.A book named “Cellular Automata” have used this technology to simulate Debris flow.
Did you know? NASA, Yes “NASA” developed an interactive web application called experience curiosity to celebrate the 3rd anniversary of the famous Curiosity rover landing on Mars.

How to Fix Rats! WebGL Hit A Snag


Sometimes when using WebGL we have an error about site crashing and telling us that WebGL is not supported. You will come across an error message saying “Rats! WebGL hit a snag” while surfing on Chrome browser.
Even if we try to Reload the web page or try to go to another one, the message reappears. In fact, we get an error message every time browser try to access WebGL.

Note: – This error message does not indicate continuous errors but appears whenever someone is trying to make constant attempts to use WebGL.

Fix #1 Disabling Hardware Accelerated Graphics in Chrome

·         We can fix this problem by disabling hardware accelerated graphics from the settings in google chrome. Follow the steps mentioned below.
·         Navigate to chrome://settings>>show advanced settings.
·         There you can see an option “use hardware acceleration when available”.
·         Uncheck it and Restart your browser to make the changes live.

Fix #2 Disable WebGL


·         Go to chrome://flags. Search for the option ‘Disable WebGL’.
·         Enable this option and restart your browser.
·         It is very unlikely that your problem still Persist But if you encounter this error then there is another way to tackle it.

Fix #3 Chrome GPU


·         Navigate to Chrome://GPU.
·         Here under the Problems detected heading, Check for any unusual red warnings, as I have shown in the picture below.

Friday, September 22, 2017

Can't Backup All SMS In MIUI [FIX]


1. Go to Settings.
2. Go to Installed Apps.


3. Open SMS Backup & Restore.


4. Go to Other Permissions.


5. Check “Service SMS”.



After this that app will be able to read and backup all SMS.

Wednesday, March 22, 2017

Magisk - Hide Status

Magisk is a mod developed by XDA user topjohnwu, who is also responsible for the systemless Xposed flashable zip. Essentially, Magisk (which is short for Magic Mask) "aims to overcome these difficulties [of systemless mods] and create a universal interface for everyone to develop and use systemless mods."
Magisk first gained some popularity when it was discovered that it could enable Android Pay on rooted devices, due to its ability to go around the SafetyNet API. Since Pokémon GO also uses the SafetyNet API, several users have found out that Magisk works for it as well.
The installation of Magisk will also enable Android Pay.

Prerequisites
To use Magisk, you'll need a device with an unlocked bootloader that is running Android 5.0+. topjohnwu recommends that your device be restored to a stock system and boot. If you can't do that, you must fully remove any form of root access and Xposed. You will need a custom recovery.
The Steps

All the links are at the bottom of this post.
1. Depending on where you sourced your root and Xposed methods from, your steps may be slightly different. If you're on a custom ROM, even unrooting may not do the trick. If you don't have Xposed, skip #2.
 


2. To unroot, open SuperSU, go to the Settings tab, navigate down to the Cleanup section, and choose "Full unroot." A bunch of prompts will pop up; do restore the stock boot image, but don't restore the stock recovery image. Your device will then reboot, and when it finishes, root access will be gone. 
NOTE: If you're unencrypted and restore the stock boot image, you may think that your device is bootlooping, but it is actually re-encrypting.
3. To get rid of Xposed, go to the official Xposed download site's uninstaller/ section, then choose the one you need. There are also options for arm and x86 architectures.
4. To flash this uninstaller, you must enter your custom recovery. In your custom recovery, hit "Install," navigate to your Download folder, and flash the uninstaller. After that, click "Wipe cache/dalvik," then "Reboot system." It'll take a while for the apps to finish optimizing.
5. Now, head over to Magisk's XDA thread and download Magisk.


6. Flash Magisk.zip (the most current version) on your device in recovery. After that, reboot.

7. Now, you'll have to re-root; however, you can't use a normal method. You'll have to download a special Magisk version of phh's SuperUser. Flash this through your custom recovery just like you did with the Xposed uninstaller and Magisk. After that, install phh SuperUser app from the Play Store.


8. Install latest Magisk Manager from Play Store.

9. *OPTIONAL* If you want Xposed, you must download a systemless version (which is also by topjohnwu). To do this, download the Material Design Xposed Installer (excellent app, by the way) and install the systemless version from the Systemless tab. Grant Xposed Superuser access and allow the phone to install Xposed automatically. When the phone reboots, you'll have to wait for a few minutes for apps to optimize.




10. Now to hide Root Status, Go to Settings in Magisk Manager and Enable “Magisk Hide” option.






Tuesday, March 21, 2017

Record Or Screenshot UAC Prompts


UAC prompts are on a virtual desktop (or something like that), the usual Alt+PrintScreen or recording the screen using screen recorders doesn't work.

This method using the group policy editor should do the job:
1. Run gpedit.msc



2. Under Computer Configuration\Windows Settings\Security Settings\Local Policies\SecurityOptions


3. Change “User Account Control: Switch to the secure desktop when prompting for elevation” to disabled.


4. Now UAC prompts will look like this:


Note: Undo this change after the screenshot or Screen recording, because it makes the system less secure!

Monday, March 20, 2017

Uninstall SuperSU Or Systemless Root



It properly restores all the original files the SuperSU installer backed up (so, file-based OTA friendly!) and removes any files added by the installer/app. I figured other people might find it handy as well so it's attached below. Just Flash it using TWRP Custom Recovery. Be aware, if you flashed SuperSU twice mistakenly, the SuperSU installer wasn't written to recognize that and so you've lost your originals; a system.img flash WILL be necessary in your case.

Due to popular demand by the custom ROM community using this to unroot and pass SafetyNet checks/use Android Pay, etc., the script has been expanded to unroot Koush's SuperUser, ROM su binaries, as well as SuperSU Systemless and phh's Superuser (which is also systemless).

Note: To completely remove all traces of the systemless roots, you still need to flash a different, unrooted boot.img, likely the default one that came with the ROM. You can extract it from the ROM zip and flash it using TWRP's awesome "Flash Image" functionality.

Wednesday, March 15, 2017

What A Factory Reset Does?



First lets understand what a factory reset does. It removes all USER DATA and restores the device back to factory settings providing that the device is not rooted. User data is defined as apps, call logs, contacts, and anything else the user has placed in the devices memory. Stuff that is on the SDCARD is not affected by a factory reset. A factory reset really only deals with the Data and the Cache partitions. 

If you are on a Rooted device then again a factory reset will only remove the Data and Cache partitions. It does not mess with the System partition. If you have a custom ROM on the device after a factory reset you will still have that same custom ROM on the device. This is because again factory reset does not mess with the System partition of the phone. 

Factory reset is given its name because the manufacturer of the device does not expect that you will change the ROM that is standard on their devices. While the practice of Rooting is not foreign to them they do not expect that the user of the device will change the basic structure of the OS. Which many who are rooted do. A factory reset will also not remove any ROM upgrades or OTA's. 

Doing a factory reset has some advantages for a few purposes. One of the big ones is wanting to remove all Data from the device. This is handy if you plan on giving the device to someone else and don't want to give them your contacts or any other information. In some circumstances it can even be handy to just start over especially if you have some minor issues and you assume the issues are Data related. If rooted its a great way to wipe the Data and Cache area's to prepare to change the ROM of the device.

Hopefully by now you have a better understanding of what a factory reset is and why you would want to use it. Also I hope this has cleared up some confusion about this subject as there are plenty who use this the wrong way and then are like well poop. I know the first time I did it I though well at least I can go back to factory settings and boy was I surprised when I found that the custom ROM I put on there was still there.

TWRP - Nandroid Backup & Restore


A Nandroid backup is essential if you’re hacking your phone. With a Nandroid backup you can restore your device to its previous state, undoing any attempted or failed hacks.
If you don’t like a ROM you have flashed, or if your device fails to boot after flashing something, restoring the Nandroid backup is the quickest way of getting your device running normally again.
To create a Nandroid backup tap the Backup option and choose the partitions to include. In most cases you should choose SystemData and Boot.
Don’t tick the Skip MD5 generation option, as this ensures the integrity of your backups and guards against errors when restoring them.
TIPS:

The boot and system partitions are the basic backups needed to boot the system and hence are the must needs.
Just to help you understand, A NANDROID backup is only helpful when you have the current Data partition which contains all the Applications, Messages, Contacts etc. Otherwise you can always flash the same Custom ROM from a zip file and go back to the initial stage but you will miss the current data.
The Cache partition is just an add-on, without which there will be no impact and the system will re-generate the cache from the data that you have. If you have the cache partition the system will boot faster that’s it.
The PDS partition basically keeps your IMEI, modem information and all which does not affected as part of a custom ROM flashing. But it is always a good idea to have this for the first time you backup.


Swipe the slider to begin the backup process. It may take a while to complete, especially if you have got a lot of data that you are backing up.
Don’t attempt to interrupt the process until it is complete.

Note: It do backup apps and their data but it skips the folder /data/media/ which is your Internal Storage media location. TWRP do not backups your media files such as Videos, Pictures, Music etc that are present in your Internal Storage.
Your backup files will get saved in /data/media/TWRP (or /data/media/0/TWRP).
Remember to keep the whole folder (folder with bunch of letters and numbers). After the /data/media/0/TWRP/BACKUPS/ the folder present will be your backup. Do not rename the folder as the letters and numbers are the codes for recognizing your device.
Many people think that the backup file is a single file but its not. All the files present in that folder are important so don't delete any of them.

Restore a Nandroid backup

Put the folder with numbers and letters to the root directory of your Internal Storage or SDCard.
Now to restore the Nandroid backup tap the Restore button from the home screen of TWRP and choose the backup from those listed. Swipe to begin the restore procedure.

TWRP - Custom Recovery


TWRP is one of the two main custom recoveries for Android. It’s installed when you root your phone or tablet and enables you to carry out a host of major hacks and tweaks, from creating full backups to flashing ROMs.
What is recovery?
Recovery is small piece of software that runs in the recovery partition on your device.
It is possible to boot into this partition, enabling you to power on and access the files on your phone without loading the Android OS. Because Android isn’t loaded the Android system files are not placed in memory, which means they can be accessed, edited and replaced.
When you install a system update on your device, booting into recovery is part of the process. Every device has a stock recovery installed for this reason, but it has no user-accessible functions.
Replacing the stock recovery with a custom recovery such as TWRP (Team Win Recovery Project) gives you access to the parts of your device that were previously off limits. That’s how you start hacking your phone.

TWRP vs ClockworkMod Recovery: which to choose

The two main stock recovery systems for Android are TWRP and ClockworkMod (CWM).
In most instances you won’t need to make a choice between them; the rooting method you choose for your device will be based on the use of either one or the other.
TWRP and CWM have similar feature sets, and there’s little practical difference between them. They do have different user interfaces and are not compatible with one another. A Nandroid backup made on one cannot be restored using the other.

Flash a ROM or zip

One of the main uses of a custom recovery is to flash a custom ROM.
To do this in TWRP tap the Install button. Assuming you’ve copied a ROM (in .zip format) or other flashable zip file into the device’s internal storage you can sue the Select Zip screen to locate and choose it.

With the zip selected you will be taken to the Confirm Flash screen. You can add multiple zips if you need to, by tapping the Add More Zips button.
When done you need to confirm that you’re ready to flash by swiping your finger along the Swipe to Confirm Flash slider. As soon as you do this, flashing will begin.
Don’t forget that you should always make a full Nandroid backup before you flash anything, no matter how innocuous it is. We’ll get to the backup section shortly.

Wipe data or factory reset
Next along the grid of options is Wipe.
If you flash a ROM, wiping at least some parts of the device, if not all, is necessary. (Follow the instructions for the ROM you’re flashing for guidance on what you need to wipe.)
In TWRP the default option is a factory reset, which wipes the entire device.
Tap the Advanced Wipe button and you can choose the specific partitions to wipe—Dalvik CacheSystem and Cache will be needed for most ROMs. Data will wipe your data, and is often needed. Internal Storage clears your internal store, and is something you would do for a full factory reset but is rarely needed when flashing a ROM.

Either way, make sure you’ve got your data backed up properly, and not just through a Nandroid backup. For an easy way of backing up and restoring app data check out our guide to Helium.
Again, once you have selected the partitions to wipe, you will be required to swipe the slider to confirm. There’s no going back once you do this.

Fix permissions

Fix permissions can be used if you’re encountering a large number of app problems, such as frequent crashes (and we mean frequent—it won’t solve the occasional app force close).
Fixing permissions only takes a couple of minutes to complete, and there are no downsides to doing it.

ADB Sideload

ADB Sideload enables you to connect your phone to your desktop and sideload apps over ADB, which is available through the Android SDK. A common use of this is if you’re replacing a system file with a tweaked version.

File Manager

The File Manager, as its name implies, is a tool for accessing the files stored on your Android device.

Wrap up

TWRP is a powerful tool that gives you full control over the insides of your phone without needing to boot into Android.
It can be used to flash custom ROMs or minor app mods, as well as to create and manage backups. Understanding how TWRP works and what you can do with it will make you far more confident when attempting Android hacks of various kinds. It’s also worth keeping the software updated as new features, and an extra layer of user friendliness are added on a regular basis.

Sunday, March 12, 2017

Flash SuperSU & Get Root Permissions Using TWRP

If you have an Android device that is bootloader unlockable and have a custom recovery for itself, then congratulations! Your device is eligible for the world’s easiest method to get root access.
SuperSU is a superuser manager app by developer Chainfire, which manages root permissions on your device once it’s rooted. And thankfully, Chainfire has also created a recovery flashable zip file for SuperSU which contains the SuperSU app and the binaries required to get root access. What this means is you can flash the SuperSU zip via a custom recovery and get root access on any Android device.
Grab the latest SuperSU file from the link below and follow the instructions on how to flash it using TWRP recovery.

How to Flash SuperSU zip via TWRP Recovery

  1. Download and transfer the SuperSU zip file from the download link above to your device’s storage.
  2. Boot your device into TWRP recovery.
  3. Tap on Install and select the SuperSU zip file that you transferred to your device in Step 1.
  4. After selecting the .zip file, do Swipe to Confirm Flash on the bottom of screen to begin the flashing process.
  5. Once SuperSU is flashed, you’ll get Reboot System option, select it.
Congratulations! Your device should be rooted now. Look for the SuperSU app in app drawer.

Install Adb Drivers On Pc


Download & Install Google Apps



If you want to access the glory that is Google apps and services on your Android phone, you need Google Apps, or GApps. Each GApps package will include Play, Camera, Keyboard, Gmail and much more. Of course, if you have the Play store, along with obligatory Play Services, you’ll have access to the entire catalogue of Google content whether it’s apps, music, movies, books and more. It’s the holy grail, baby. Here we will show you how to get the most recent GApps package and install it on your device.
In this article we will assume you have Root Access and a Custom Recovery. If not, we have guides on how to root your Android device and how to install a custom recovery.
When installing GApps, you’ll want to make sure that you install the version that matches your Android ROM. For example, if you are running Android 4.4 Kit Kat, download and install GApps for KitKat. You can find your Android version number by going to Settings and About device. It’s as easy as cheesy.

Step 1: Download

There are several places where you can download GApps. Use the link below, and choose the right version for your phone.
Download GApps Here
Once the file is downloaded, save it to your SD Card. If you don’t have an SD Card, do not fret my pet, just save it to a folder on your device that you will remember like Downloads.

Step 2: Boot into Recovery

Now that you have your GApps file, boot into recovery using your recovery combo buttons. If you don’t know which buttons to press, to access recovery, take a look at our handy guide on just that topic. If you want to get right to it, Hold Vol Down + Power for 5 seconds, which should work on most phones.
Once you are in recovery, you should see something like this (within this article we’ll show how things look on TWRP on the left, and ClockworkMod on the right)…

Step 3: Find the file and flash it

Now go ahead and select “Install”Step 3: Flash GApps…


Step 4: Flash that shiz

Once you have selected your GApps file, it’s time to flash the file!

Step 5: Clear yo’ cache!

After the install is complete, back out and clear your cache…

After you have cleared the cache, reboot your phone. You should now have successfully installed GApps